Trichology

26.08.2015 0 By symphony

Beautiful hair. What is it? Of course, a healthy and well-groomed, no matter long or short they are. However, today it is very difficult to maintain the health of hair, given the bad ecology in general, water hardness, lack of vitamins and poor diet, illness, stress and the poor hair care.

What do our patients need?

• 58% of women and 60% of men have the problem of intensive loss or poor growth and weakening of hair, sensitive, dry or chemically damaged hair;
• 45% of women and 65% of men would like to deal with misbalance of the sebaceous glands in the skin of the head, misbalance of the lipid balance.
• 40% of women and 60% of men are worried about dandruff problem.

It turns out that you have to take into consideration many things to return shine and beautiful appearance to your hair. To get closer to this ideal, the science of healthy hair, so called trichology was created. This branch of medicine was developed in the early twentieth century. In the second half of the century trichology began to flourish: teaching and research centers began to open, as well as trichological clinics, which could be treat hair by their specially trained staff. It became clear that the beauty of the hair depends on its health.

But it is impossible to have healthy hair without being physically healthy. Therefore, experts of the beauty industry are well aware that you have to not only reach the outer, decorative effect, but also improve the condition of individual systems and your organism in whole.
Trihologist firstly identifies the cause of the pathology of the scalp to assess the condition of the hair follicles in the frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital regions. Then the spectral analysis of hair will be conducted, which shows the possible disorder of mineral metabolism.

Medical trihological trial can be divided into several stages:
• Examination of skin and hair with a microscope equipped with a video camera. At this stage, thanking to the magnified image of the skin and hair, the camera can focus on the smallest details;
• Computer diagnostics of hair and scalp;
• Detailed consultation, including the selection of measures for hair care at home.

Why does hair fall out?

One of the most notable health problems arising from modern humans can be considered hair loss. It is due to various reasons. This may be dysfunction of the central and peripheral nervous and endocrine systems, stress, infectious disease, autoimmune pathology and genetic predispositions.
Of course, one cannot solve these problems on his/her own, at home. Self-medication using conventional pharmaceutical drugs can not only give the effect, but aggravate the situation. Hair loss requires an adequate selection of appropriate drugs individually, which could be made just following the definition of diagnosis.
Treatment of hair loss (alopecia) is long and complicated process. Techniques depend on a person’s age, clinical form of the disease and its stage. Often trichology treatment should be combined with treatment from related professionals.

The several theories describe the main causes of hair loss

Autoimmune theory is one of the most imperative modern theories concerning the issues of hair loss. It suggests that in the human body starts production antibodies to the cells of hair papillae. In this regard, the hair follicles start too early moving move from the anagen (the phase of intensive growth) to the telogen (resting ). Since infiltration of immune cells accumulates for a long time around the follicle, cells feeding getting worse and the next hair follicle appears dystrophic weakened. The balding process runs this way.

Diffuse alopecia can be acute or chronic. It is uniform and strong hair loss over the entire surface of the scalp.
Acute beginning of the disease is caused by severe infections, the chirurgical operations carried out under general anesthesia, physical or psychological traumas, childbirth.
Chronic alopecia usually is the result of certain endocrine dysfunction, long-term use of certain drugs (including hormones, reach of progesterone). It may be associated with age-related changes, the lack of essential fatty acids, impaired metabolism and nutrition.
Androgenic alopecia is male type thinning of hair, that is, on the forehead and crown. Visually it can be defined as a hairline retreat from the forehead; at the same time in the center of the crown hair is thinning. This is the typical symptoms of androgenic alopecia. These symptoms can occur in women after two months after birth, postmenopausal or polycystic ovaries.

Seborrheic alopecia may result of increased production of sebum and hyperkeratosis, and as a whole it can be connected with hormonal disorders. In this case for hair treatment those means are necessary that reduce the sebum secretion, narrow the sebaceous glands and eliminate hyperkeratosis.